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Original Article

JRCRS. 2015; 3(1): 03-07

Frequency of Fear Avoidance Beliefs in Patients with Neck Pain

Saba Murad, Huma Riaz, Maham Abid, Sana Shabbir, Hania Farheen.

Psychological factors like fear leads to decrease movement and development of beliefs that results in avoidance from physical activity in patients with neck pain.FAB i.e. fear avoidance beliefs (either with work or physical activity) not only restrict the participation of patient in active rehabilitation program but also hinder social interactions and leisure activities.
The purpose of the study was to determine how frequently FAB prevails in neck pain patients in Wah Cantt & twin cities of Pakistan.
A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in Wah Cantt & twin cities of Pakistan from July 2014 to December 2014 and patients with neck pain were recruited from six physiotherapy outpatient departments, office workers, school teachers and bank workers(N=405). For quantitative analysis, FAB was evaluated with modified Fear Avoidance Belief Questionnaire (FABQ) by the examiner. The modified FABQ consists of two subscales pertaining to physical activity (FABQ-PA with questions 1-5) and work (FABQ-W with 6-16 questions). The data was analyzed on SPSS-21.
The total population was 405 in which 76% (309) patients have FAB for physical activity. The Mean S.D for FABPA is 16.73 4.862 depicting prevalence of high FABPA in neck pain patients. 70 %( 282) patients found to have FAB to be reflected in their work. The Mean S.D for FAPW is 27 7.88 depicting prevalence of high FABW in patients with neck pain.
The study results clearly depicted the high frequency of FABPA and FABW prevailing in neck pain patients in Wah Cantt & twin cities of Pakistan.

Key words: FAB (Fear Avoidance Beliefs), Neck Pain, FABPA (Fear Avoidance Beliefs for Physical Activity), FABW (Fear Avoidance Beliefs for Work) FABQ (Fear Avoidance Belief Questionnaire)

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