Background: Abdominal and plastic surgeries constitute a wide range of surgical interventions for different disorders. Based on the type of operation, patient's risk factor, the rate of postoperative complications, including morbidity and mortality, may vary. This survey analysis aimed to explore the risk of postoperative complications, recovery, and duration of operation, comparing both laparoscopic and open surgeries.
Methodology: A self-administered structured questionnaire was sent to the public in Asir region of Saudi Arabia, through online Google forms, including questions on the type of their operation, operative time, duration required to recover from the surgery in addition to socio-demographic data.
Results: Laparoscopic operations had significantly lower incidence of cardiac complications, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, hypoalbuminemia, functional disability, vascular malformation, fetal malformation, drug allergies, and surgical site infections (p < 0.001). Additionally, laparoscopic operations showed a significantly higher prevalence of healthy skin postoperatively (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: Laparoscopic operations have a lower incidence of postoperative complications as compared to open surgery in Saudi Arabia. Further studies are needed to investigate risk factors for these complications.
Key words: Risk, postoperative, complications, recovery, laparoscopic, open abdominal, plastic surgery