Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



Antimicrobial utilization pattern among pediatric inpatients of a tertiary care hospital in Central Gujarat

Nirav N Patel, Devanshu J Patel, Haresh A Desai.

Abstract
Background: Drug utilization studies may help to measure various aspects such as disease pattern, medicine use, and prescribing patterns.

Aim and Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the drug utilization pattern of antimicrobials prescribed to the pediatric inpatients at a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: The study was prospective and observational based involving 200 pediatric inpatients of Parul Sevashram Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat. Relevant information was obtained from the interview as well the hospital case record. Structured and pre-tested formats were prepared for compiling the data.

Results: The majority of the patients (43.5%) were in the age group between 2 and 12 years. The most common indications for antimicrobial use included gastrointestinal diseases (22%), respiratory diseases (17.5%), and genitourinary diseases (13.5%). Cephalosporins (65.5%) were most frequently prescribed antimicrobials followed by aminoglycosides (40%). 73.3% of antimicrobials were prescribed by branded names. The average number of antimicrobials prescribed per patient was 2.21. 93.4% of antimicrobials have been included in the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines. A total of 13 adverse drug reactions were reported from prescribed antimicrobials.

Conclusions: Medicine utilization assessment can facilitate rational use of medicines in pediatric patients.

Key words: Pediatric Patients; Antimicrobial Utilization Pattern; Rational


Full-text options

Full-text Article




Advertisement
Journal of Apitherapy

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW




ScopeMed.com
BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.