Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

89 articles found.

Publishing Year(s)

Click to Change Year(s)


Click to Change Journal(s)

  1. Antioxidant and antibacterial properties of bacterial cellulose-Indonesian plant extract composites for mask sheet
    Anastasia Wheni Indrianingsih, Vita Taufika Rosyida, Wuri Apriyana, Septi Nur Hayati, Cici Darsih, Khoirun Nisa, Dwi Ratih,
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2020; 10(7): 37-42.
  2. Cytotoxicity and molecular mechanism of marine-derived Streptomyces sp. GMY01 on human lung cancer cell line A549
    Ema Damayanti, Khoirun Nisa, Sri Handayani, Rizna Triana Dewi, Rifki Febriansah, Mustofa, Achmad Dinoto, Jaka Widada
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2021; 11(6): 46-55.
  3. The effectiveness of value clarification technique (VCT) and problem-based learning (PBL) models on social problem-solving skills viewed from emotional intelligence
    Atsani Rohmatun Nisa’,Tri Murwaningsih
    Elementary Education Online. 2020; 19(3): 1751-1767.
  4. Influence of Stack Hybrid Configuration of MoS2 and Graphene on the Performance of Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor
    Amir Davami , Mohammad Hadi Shahrokh Abadi
    Jordan Journal of Electrical Engineering. 2022; 8(4): 365-378.
  5. Okul Öncesi Eğitim Programı ve Örtük Program Bağlamında Akıl Yürütme Becerilerinin Yeri
    Nisa Başara Baydilek ,Adil Türkoğlu
    Elementary Education Online. 2016; 15(2): 367-377.
  6. A Review Study Toward Clinical and Histopathological Diagnosis Agreement in Skin Diseases
    Sidita Sopijani, Bengu Nisa Akay, Aferdita Daka
    Medical Archives. 2022; 76(6): 438-442.
  7. Implementation of Assessment for Learning and The Need for Teachers Refreshing Trainings
    Dr. Shahzadi Seema, Dr. Wilayat Bibi, Dr. Waqar Un Nisa Faizi
    Elementary Education Online. 2021; 20(3): 226-234.
  8. The Analysis of Profitabilityand its Implications for Stock Return: A Learning and Education Perspective
    Luqman Hakim*, Iswandi
    Elementary Education Online. 2021; 20(5): 664-676.
    Journal of Research and Education in Indian Medicine. 1986; 5(4): 57-61.
    Fazal Hakim, Sajjad Ahmad Jan
    Elementary Education Online. 2020; 19(3): 3763-3769.
  11. Acute Pulmonary Edema due to Rupture of Mitral Valve´s Posteromedial Papillary Muscle in a young girl
    Seyed Hadi Hakim Azin Alizadeh Asl
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2008; 33(1): 113-115.
  12. Treatment Trails of Saprolegniosis in Oreochromis Niloticus
    Ahmed H. Sherif, and Shehata, A. Abdel–Hakim
    Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 2016; 49(2): 99-104.
  13. The Influence of Inclusive Educational Practices on the Academic Behavior of Students at Secondary Level
    Dr. Alam Zeb, Dr. Niaz Ali, Dr. Atta Ullah, Dr. Waqar Un Nisa Faizi, Musharaf Khan, Abdur Rahman
    Elementary Education Online. 2019; 18(1): 451-456.
  14. Type D personality a risk factor for poor Quality of life (QoL) during the COVID-19 pandemic: A comparative analysis of individuals with Parkinson’s disease and without Parkinson’s disease
    Fatima Khan Gohar, Iram Gul*, Bandar Alsaif, Adeela Rehman, Sehar un Nisa Hassan
    Elementary Education Online. 2021; 20(5): 6492-6502.
  15. How do you rate your teachers’ performance? Analyzing the perception of students about their science teachers’ at elementary schools in Pakistan
    Dr. Asia Zulfqar, Dr. Bashir Hussain*, Dr. Tayyaba Batool Tahir, Dr. Hakim Ali
    Elementary Education Online. 2021; 20(6): 359-365.
    Lukmanul Hakim, Etty Mulyati, Djuhaendah Hasan, Tarsisius Murwadji
    Elementary Education Online. 2021; 20(5): 2594-2601.
  17. Women becoming School Leaders in Rural Pakistan: Fighting against all Odds and Myths during Career Stages
    Haji Karim Khan, Muhammad Naeem Butt, Waqar Un Nisa Faizi, Haleema Akbar, Uzma Rehman Khattak
    Elementary Education Online. 2021; 20(3): 2312-2322.
  18. A middle-aged man with a mass in the brain and heart
    Guive Sharifi, Abdolreza Babamahmoodi, Shahram Sabeti, Mohammad Hallajnejad, Ilad Alavi Darazam
    Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 2023; 13(2): 90-92.
  19. Media Literacy Concepts & Role Of Media Literacy Inict’s: A Literature Review
    Mehr Un Nisa , Dost Muhammad Yousafzai , Muhammad Irfan
    Elementary Education Online. 2021; 20(3): 2506-2518.
    Mashiat Zahra, Dr.Aasiya Bibi, Syed Zaman Ali shah Kazmi, Waqar-Un-Nisa, Sumaira Bibi
    Elementary Education Online. 2020; 19(2): 1137-1147.
    Dr. Rahim Khan, Haleema Akbar,Dr. Wilayat Bibi, Asma Asma, Dr. Waqar Un Nisa Faizi,Shakila Malik
    Elementary Education Online. 2021; 20(5): 5306-5315.
  22. The bronchodilatory effect of Propofol against Bradykinin induced contraction on guinea pig trachea
    Wardha Mazhar Malik, Bushra Tayyaba, Salman Bakhtiar, Aroosa Ishtiaq, Zunera Hakim, Imrana Maqsood
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2017; 42(2): 235-238.
  23. Effects of Diabetes Mellitus on Outcome of Patients with First Acute Myocardial Infarction
    Jahanbakhsh Samadikhah, Seyed Hadi Hakim, Ali Reza Yaghoubi, Rezvanieh Salehi, Azin Alizadeh Asl, Rasoul Azarfarin
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2007; 32(2): 131-134.
  24. Arrhythmia and Conduction Disorders in Acute Inferior Myocardial Infarction with Right Ventricular Involvement.
    Jahanbakhsh Samadikhah, Serred Hadi Hakim, Azin Alizadeh Asl, Rasoul Azarfarin, Simin Ghaffari, Ahmadali Khalili
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2007; 32(2): 135-138.
  25. Measurement of Coronary Sinus Blood Flow after First Anterior Myocardial Infarction with Transthoracic Echocardiography and its Correlation with Wall Motion Scoring Index
    Mehrnoush Toufan, Jahanbakhsh Samadikhah, Azin Alizadeh Asl, Rasoul Azarfarin, Seyyed Hadi Hakim, Alireza Yaghoubi
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2007; 32(2): 112-116.
  26. An Analysis Of Agra Summit 2001
    Hakim Said, Dr. Sajjad Ali Khan, Dr. Abdul Shakoor, Dr. Ahmad Ali, Urfi Muhammad, Salman Ahmad
    Elementary Education Online. 2020; 19(4): 8088-8108.
    Ahmed Abdel Aziz Abdel Hakim Saad
    THE EGYPTIAN JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY (Zoology). 2006; 2(0): 123-128.
  28. Biocompatibility of Yttria-Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystal Seeded with Human Adipose Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell
    Arif Rachman, Fedik A. Rantam, Indra Bachtiar, Fatchiyah Fatchiyah, Lukman Hakim, Indri L. Putri, Latief Mooduto
    Acta Informatica Medica. 2018; 26(4): 249-253.
  29. Phytochemical Analysis by FTIR of Zanthoxylum Acanthopodium, DC Fruit Ethanol Extract, N-hexan, Ethyl Acetate and Water Fraction
    Eka Roina Megawati, Hakim Bangun, Imam Budi Putra, Muhammad Rusda, Dedy Syahrizal, Nelva K Jusuf, Putri Chairani Eyanoer, Rodiah Rahmawaty Lubis, Mustafa M. Amin
    Medical Archives. 2023; 77(3): 183-188.
  30. Review Of Reforms Brought By Provincial Government Of KP In Health Sector
    Mr. Hakim Said ,Dr. Ayaz Khan , Dr. Manzoor Ahmad , Dr. Husnul Amin , Riaz Ahmad Khan , Mr. Hayat Khan , Sumayya Feroz ,Mr. Shahid Jan Afridi
    Elementary Education Online. 2020; 19(4): 6436-6448.
  31. The Problems Confronted By The Education Department Of Kp (A Case Study Of Primary Level Education)
    Mr. Shahid Jan Afridi , Mr. Hakim Said , Dr. Ayaz Khan , Dr. Manzoor Ahmad , Mr. Muhammad Aqeel Khan , Riaz Ahmad Khan , Mr. Azaal Amin , Sumayya Feroz
    Elementary Education Online. 2020; 19(3): 4258-4266.
  32. Ossifying Subperiosteal Hematoma of the Iliac Bone: Imaging Findings
    Mehmet H Atalar, Nisa Baspinar
    THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL. 2019; 5(1): 107-109.
  33. Dumbbell-shaped Dermoid Cyst Extending to Temporal Fossa from Zygomatico-frontal Suture Defect
    Mehmet H Atalar, Ayse Vural Ozec, Nisa Baspinar
    THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL. 2019; 5(3): 229-232.
  34. Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome as A Rare Cause of Recurrent Chronic Abdominal Pain: Radiological Findings
    Nisa Başpınar, Mehmet H Atalar ,
    THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL. 2019; 5(3): 221-224.
  35. Role Of Kp Police In The Establishment Of Peace And Prosperity, What Is The Relationship Of Civilian With Police
    Mr. Hakim Said , Mr. Shahid Jan Afridi , Dr. Ayaz Khan , Dr. Manzoor Ahmad , Mr. Muhammad Aqeel Khan , Riaz Ahmad Khan , Mr. Hayat Khan , Sumayya Feroz
    Elementary Education Online. 2020; 19(3): 4247-4257.
  36. Understanding The Concept Of Good Governance
    Mr. Shahid Jan Afridi ,Dr. Ayaz Khan , Mr. Hakim Said ,Dr. Manzoor Ahmad ,Dr. Husnul Amin ,Riaz Ahmad Khan ,Mr. Azaal Amin ,Sumayya Feroz
    Elementary Education Online. 2020; 19(4): 6449-6459.
  37. Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy
    Mehr un Nisa, Arooj Fatima, Sundas Sohail, Shiza Kazmi, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gilani
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2020; 45(4): 830-833.
  38. Effectiveness of zinc administration in asthenospermia in infertile patients
    Ghulam Mustafa, Hasham Khan, Muhammad Saqib Butt, Noor Un Nisa, Sarwat Saeed
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2020; 45(1): 99-102.
  39. The retrospective evaluation of clinical and sociodemographic features of patients with psoriasis
    Mustafa Aksoy, Hakim Çelik
    Annals of Medical Research. 2018; 25(2): 246-251.
  40. A comparison of bupivacaine 0.25% with combination of tramadol-bupivacaine 0.25% via caudal epidural block for postoperative caudal analgesia and their side effects in children undergoing lower abdominal surgery under general anaesthesia
    Noor Un Nisa , Saqib Butt, Hasham Khan , Ghulam Mustafa,
    Anaesthesia, Pain & Intensive Care. 2019; 23(3): 279-283.
  41. Functional status of thyroid among children with obesity
    Ruby Kumari, Saadullah Chachar, Muhammad Ashfaq, Bader u Nisa, Shabeeta Bai, Wajid Hussain
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2021; 46(2): 378-380.
  42. The pattern of use, effectiveness, and satisfaction of patients regarding migraine treatment in Saudi Arabia
    Yasamiyan Rabah Salem Al-Harbi, Manal Abdel Hakim Selim
    International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries. 2020; 4(3): 746-752.
  43. Serodiagnosis and Detection of Persistently Infected Cattle with BVDV in New Valley Province, Egypt
    Ahmed Maher, Osama Abd El-Hakim, Mohamed A. Saad, Yasser Elnaker
    Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 2023; 77(2): 127-134.
  44. Medium optimization of β-glucanase production by Bacillus subtilis SAHA 32.6 used as biological control of oil palm pathogen
    Rike Tri Kumala Dewi, Nisa Rachmania Mubarik, Maggy Thenawijaya Suhartono
    Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. 2016; 28(2): 116-125.
  45. Characterization of lactic acid bacteria isolated from an Indonesian
    fermented fish (bekasam) and their antimicrobial activity against pathogenic

    , Iman Rusmana2
    , Antonius Suwanto2 and dan Nisa Rachmania Mubarik2
    Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. 2013; 25(6): 489-494.
  46. Tropical theileriosis, epidemiology and Molecular diagnosis in cattle in New Valley Province, Egypt
    Sotohy Ahmed, Osama Abd El-Hakim, Ahmed Maher, Yasser Elnaker
    Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 2019; 63(1): 31-41.
  47. Evaluatıon of macular thıckness and retınal nerve fıber layer thıckness ın pedıatrıc patıents wıth malnutrıtıon
    Sukru Gungor, Elif Damar Gungor, Nisa Kahraman, Mete Guler
    Annals of Medical Research. 2020; 27(6): 1542-8.
  48. Awareness regarding need of tracheostomy among general public
    Qamar -un- Nisa, Sadaf Zia, Sadaf Asim Ahmed, Jawwad -us- Salam, Sadia Iqbal, Zeba Haque, Azmul Hussain
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2017; 42(4): 514-517.
    Dr. Fizza Saher, Dr. Mervyn Hosein, Dr. Abne Hasan, Dr. Jabbar Ahmed Qureshi, Dr. Tazein Amber, Nisa Fatima Sunderjee,
    Journal of The Pakistan Dental Association. 2019; 28(1): 3-12.
  50. Isolation and characterization of microbial flora from skin samples of acne patients of Haripur, Pakistan
    Sidra Fareed, Sadia Gul, Sumaira Sarwar, QuratulAin zia, Sobia Nisa, Maimoona Sabir
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2023; 48(1): 40-43.
  51. Retrospective evaluation of clinical and demographic features of 135 patients with lichen planus
    Isa An, Mustafa Aksoy, Murat Ozturk, Hakim Celik
    Annals of Medical Research. 2018; 25(4): 648-50.
  52. Online medical teaching during covid-19 pandemic: Level of satisfaction among students and faculty of a medical college in Islamabad, Pakistan
    Tallat Najeeb, Muhammad Ali, Muneeza Rizwan, Mazhar Hussain, Nisa Siddique, Sehrish Asad
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2021; 46(4): 963-966.
  53. Endophytic bacteria of clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.) leaves produce metabolites with antioxidant and anti-aging properties
    Larasati Arum Utami, Wulan Tri Wahyuni, Nisa Rachmania Mubarik, Rika Indri Astuti
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2023; 13(7): 241-250.
  54. Acute Nonsuppurative Sialadenitis After Contrast Material Administration For Computed Tomography Angiography
    Busra Seker, Gokhan Yilmaz, Mehmet H Atalar, Nisa Baspinar
    THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL. 2021; 7(2): 137-140.
  55. Self-efficiency of patients with diabetes on self-care at Al- Najaf Center for Diabetes and Endocrine disorders, Babylon, Iraq
    Mohammed Hakim Shamran Al-Hchaim, Alaa Hamza Hermis, Hassnain M. Kadhim AL-Mamoori, Jaber Mohammod Jawad, Ibrahim A. Al-Ashour
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2022; 47(4): 806-810.
  56. Preparation and Evaluation of Chitosan–Tripolyphosphate Nanoparticles Suspension as an Antibacterial Agent
    Hakim Bangun, Steven Tandiono, Anayanti Arianto,
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2018; 8(12): 147-156.
  57. Ethnopharmacological study of medicinal plants indigenous knowledge about low back pain therapy in Sumatra, Indonesia
    Ulfatun Nisa, Agus Triyono, Danang Ardiyanto, Fajar Novianto, Ulfa Fitriani, Wayan D. Miftakhul Jannah, Peristiwan R. Widhi Astana, Zuraida Zulkarnain
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2022; 12(9): 180-190.
  58. Comparison of body mass index in the evaluation of overall obesity in Finnish and Bangladeshi undergraduate students aged 18–35 years: a pilot study
    Md Moyen Uddin PK, Safinaj Arju Ara Alam, M Jebun Nisa, M Tanvir Rahman , Shaila Eamen, M Sayful Islam, Yearul Kabir, M A Mannan
    International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1439-1446.
  59. Prolonged Horner’s syndrome after intraoperative interscalene block.
    Mohammed Hakim, Ralph J. Beltran, Asad A Khawaja, Ahsan Syed, Jospeh D Tobias
    Anaesthesia, Pain & Intensive Care. 2017; 21(4): -.
  60. Management of genital warts
    Aamir Ali Shaikh, Saeedun Nisa, Sania, Nisar Ahmed Shaikh, Kanta Ahuja, Ahmed Bux Shaikh
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2021; 46(4): 1002-1003.
  61. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding Dengue Infection among Ipoh community, Malaysia
    Jannathul Firdous, Ariza Mohamed, Muhammad Al Amin, Muhamad Ihsan, Muhammad Faris ‘Imadi, Muhammad Khairul Hakim, Muhamad Afiq, Noorzaid Muhamad
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2017; 7(8): 99-103.
  62. Demography of neuropsychiatric patients presenting in tertiary care hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
    Qamar-un-Nisa, Ayesha Sarwat, Sadaf Ahmed Asim, Mohd. Aurangzeb, Akhtar Ali Baloch, Salman Abbas, Azm–ul-Hussain, Faiza Ghuman, Sadia Iqbal, Muhammad Masroor
    Rawal Medical Journal. 2016; 41(3): 287-290.
  63. Irrational use of antibiotics among medical university students in Majma’ah City, KSA, 2018
    Maha Sameer Almutairi, Huda Hakim, Rahaf Riadh Alhezemy, Shahd Sulaiman Alarfaj, Norah Ibrahim Alqurmulah, Shoug Fahad Alotaibi, Mashael Ibrahim Aleidan
    International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries. 2021; 5(1): 255-260.
  64. Design and Characterization of Intra-Oral Fast Dissolving Tablets Containing Diacerein- Solid Dispersion.
    Azza Hasan, Abd El hakim Ramadan, Mahmoud Abd Elghany, Shereen Sabry
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2020; 10(6): 44-53.
  65. Preservation of semen from Kintamani Bali dogs by freezing method
    I Ketut Puja, Ni Made Sawitri, Nisa Maharani, Luh Gde Sri Surya Heryani, Anak Agung Gde Oka Dharmayudha, I Wayan Nico Fajar Gunawan,
    Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research. 2019; 6(2): 158-162.
  66. Amyand hernia: a case report and literature review
    Mahmoud Dabbagh, Ali Kada, Mohamed Bouzroud, El Mehdi Aboulfeth, Sidi Mohamed Bouchentouf, Hakim El Kaoui, Mountassir Moujahid, Ahmed Bounaim
    International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries. 2022; 6(8): 1076-1078.
  67. Development of Meat-based Functional Foods: A Review
    Alim-Un-Nisa, Naseem Zahra, Sajila Hina, Shahid Masood, Ali Javed, Syed ManzarInam
    Journal of Applied Biology & Biotechnology. 2017; 5(3): 86-92.
  68. Inulin nanoparticles and silymarin counteract chlorpromazine-induced injury in the liver and kidney of rats
    Mosaad A. Abdel-Wahhab, Nihad I. Eid, Lamiaa A. Ahmed, Ghada M. Ragab, Aziza A. El-Nekeety, Mohamed M. El-Hakim, Nabila S. Hassan
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2017; 7(8): 104-115.
  69. Laboratory optimization of the production of guanidium-based inactivated transport media to support SARS-CoV-2 PCR testing in Indonesia
    Shabarni Gaffar, Hesti Lina Wiraswati, Savira Ekawardhani, Lia Faridah, Nisa Fauziah, Amila Laelalugina, Annisa Retno Arimdayu, Chanda Taruna Adiarka Utomo, Maulana Ihsan, Ikhwan Ramadhana, Sanny Hafidhoh Siti Nururrohmah, Trifanny Nur Azizah, Mia Tria Novianti, Radewi Safira Fauzia
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2022; 12(8): 70-81.
  70. Ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, and biological activity review of Aleurites moluccana
    Aliefman Hakim, Jamaluddin Jamaluddin, Syarifa Wahidah Al Idrus, Abdul Wahab Jufri, Baiq Nila Sari Ningsih
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2022; 12(4): 170-178.
  71. Prescribing of inhaled corticosteroids-containing and non-inhaled corticosteroids therapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at a Malaysian tertiary care center
    Lukman Nul Hakim Md Khairi, Mohd Shahezwan Abd Wahab, Norkasihan Ibrahim, Norhaya Mohd Razali, Nur Wahida Zulkifli
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2023; 13(2): 69-77.
  72. Activity of inhibit the cell cycle and induct apoptosis in HeLa cancer cell with combination of Sabrang onion (Eleutherine palmifolia (L.) Merr) and Starfruit Mistletoe (Macrosolen cochinchinensis (Lour.) Tiegh)
    Roihatul Mutiah, Anik Listiyana, Arief Suryadinata, Rahmi Annisa, Abdul Hakim, Wirda Anggraini, Retno Susilowati
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2018; 8(10): 122-128.
  73. Chemical Constituents of Pestalotiopsis microspora HF 12440
    Riga Riga, Nizar Happyana, Euis Holisotan Hakim,
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2019; 9(1): 108-124.
  74. PCSK9 inhibitory activity of marine-derived compounds, aaptaminoids, and benzamide originated from Aaptos aaptos and Acanthaster planci as a potential treatment for atherosclerosis
    Habsah Mohamad, Muhamad Fadzli Abd Razak, Nurjannatul Naim Kamaruddin, Lukman Hakim Mohd Din, Asnuzilawati Asari, Yosie Andriani, Siti Fatimah Zaharah Mustafa, Jasnizat Saidin, Muhammad Fadhlizil Fasihi Mohd Aluwi, Jalifah Latip, Tengku Sifzizul Tengku Muhammad
    Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science. 2020; 10(8): 111-123.
  75. An evidence-based assessment of CPR knowledge among healthcare providers in Saudi Arabia
    Abdulelah Abualfraj, Ahmed Halawani, Ali Alshehri, Reema Hakim, Anas Hamam
    Saudi Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2022; 3(1): 063-074.

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.