Background: In paediatrics, a febrile convulsion is a frequent emergency. Parental concern, nervousness, and poor home management might stem from a lack of understanding. The research was conducted using a pre-experimental one-group pretest and posttest design among 60 mothers of children under the age of five who were chosen by chance. Structured interviews were used to gather data on the treatment of febrile convulsion knowledge of mothers of children under the age of five. Srinagar's RajaRajeswari General Hospital was used for the research. Inferential statistics were used to examine the acquired data. The study's findings revealed that the pretest mean knowledge score was 11.5 with a standard deviation of 3.59 and the posttest mean was 24.41 with a standard deviation of 3.2. According to the study results, moms of children under five who had a febrile convulsion had considerably better posttest knowledge than their mean pretest knowledge score on this subject. T=37.6 significant at p0.01 level, data from 59 observations is significant (df59). The chisquare test found a strong correlation between knowledge and demographic characteristics such as family type, educational level, income, and past hospitalizations. The results of this research show that the organised instruction programme greatly improved the knowledge of mothers of children under the age of five about the treatment of febrile convulsions.. As a result, the researchers came to the conclusion that increasing our understanding of how to treat children with febrile convulsions may help us better care for them, keep them safe, and avoid subsequent complications.
Key words: Structured teaching program, Effectiveness, Knowledge, Mothers, Under five children, Febrile convulsion.