Home|Journals|Articles by Year

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Original Article



Distribution and species listing of wild macrofungi in Sitio Canding, Barangay Maasin, San Clemente, Tarlac Province, Philippines

Rich Milton Dulay, Jose Santos Carandang VI, Sofronio Kalaw, Renato Reyes.


Abstract

This paper reports the profile of natural habitat, physical distribution, and taxonomic listing of naturally occurring macrofungi in secondary forest and agroecosystem along Canding River in Sitio Canding, Barangay Maasin, San Clemente, Tarlac Province, Philippines. Purposive and opportunistic sampling was done once a month from August to October 2019 in the three collection sites. Most macrofungi were found growing solitary on dead roots, trunks, and branches of trees, fallen logs, decaying twigs, rotten stumps, and bamboo as their natural substrates with a pH range of 4.1–7.1. Physical distribution of macrofungi was found considerably affected by collection site, collection month, and elevation, which comprise varied climatic conditions (temperature, humidity, and rainfall), vegetation as substrates, and the presence of man-made disturbances. Collection site A recorded the highest macrofungal composition of 59.72%, followed by collection site B (50.00%). The poor macrofungal composition was noted in collection site C (13.89%). Both months of August and September registered the highest composition of macrofungal species (59.72%), whereas October had the lowest (12.50%). The Province of Tarlac is under climate type 1, wherein the maximum rainfall period is from June to September, making it the best period of macrofungal collection. However, as regards elevation, most macrofungi were documented at 141–150 masl (50.00%), followed by 151–160 masl (40.28%). The 116 collected macrofungi were morphologically identified and taxonomically classified under two classes, 27 families, 46 genera, and 72 species. Out of 72 species, 33 species were morphologically identified down to the genus level only, which need further confirmation using the molecular approach. Most of the macrofungi species belong to class Basidiomycetes, wherein Agaricaceae had the most number of species, followed by Polyporaceae, Marasmiaceae, and Psathyrellaceae. Favolus sp.1 and Trametes hirsuta were observed in all collection sites, while Xylaria polymorpha, Ganoderma lucidum, Earliella scabrosa, and Schizophyllum commune were documented in all collection months. Thirteen species were considered as newly recorded macrofungi in the Philippines and 14 macrofungal species were successfully tissue-cultured. Therefore, Sitio Canding is a natural habitat of many macrofungal species with promising potential for various applications.

Key words: Naturally-occurring macrofungi, physical distribution, taxonomic listing, macrofungal composition, natural substrate.






Full-text options


Share this Article



Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com
• ojshosting.net







Do you want to use OJS for your journal ?
work with an experienced partner
www.OJSHosting.net

eJManager.com
Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.