Background: Uterus is prone for various non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions and also hysterectomy is the most common gynecological surgery indicated as a definitive treatment. Grossly unremarkable many specimens may reveal pathologies on histological examination. Hence, all hysterectomy specimens must undergo proper histopathological examination. In our study, hysterectomy specimens were studied and results compared with their clinical diagnosis.
Aim and Objective: The objectives of the present study were to know the frequency and incidence of various lesions of the female genital tract and to compare findings of the present study with other studies.
Materials and Methods: The study was a retrospective analysis of 250 hysterectomy specimens. All types of hysterectomies such as vaginal, abdominal, laparoscopic, and total abdominal hysterectomy without or with unilateral/bilateral salpingectomy/salpingo-oophorectomy were included in the study. Histopathological examination was done minimum by two faculty members. The results were noted and statistical analysis was done.
Results: Total 250 hysterectomy specimens were studied. Vaginal hysterectomy was the most commonly performed type of hysterectomy which includes 187 cases (74.8%) out of 250 cases. Among the uterine pathologies, the most common lesion was leiomyoma (34.4%) followed by adenomyosis (26%). In our study during histopathological examination of cervix, the most frequent cervical lesion was found chronic cervicitis in 50.4% of cases.
Conclusion: The present study highlights the wide spectrum of lesions of female genital tract and conveys that histopathology remains the primary modality for confirmation of diagnosis of lesions. We can conclude from the present study that many lesions had been diagnosed on microscopic examination though normal gross examination. Hysterectomy specimen should undergo proper histopathological examination, because it is the gold standard tool for final diagnosis.
Key words: Uterus; Hysterectomy; Leiomyoma; Histopathological Examination