|JCDR. 2021; 12(4): 622-627
THE PATTERN OF PSYCHIATRIC MORBIDITY IN AN OUT-PATIENT CHILD PSYCHIATRY CLINIC: A STUDY FROM A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE IN JAIPUR, NORTH INDIAJitendra Kumar Gupta, Sushil Rohiwal, Priya Marwah, Abhishek Saini, Ashna Maheshwari, Shikha Gupta, Preeti Saini.
Background: Psychiatric disorders are estimated to affect 10-20% of children and adolescents annually, globally, yet psychiatric services for children take a back seat when compared to adults in developing countries.
Aim and objectives:The objective of our study was to find the pattern of psychiatric morbidity in children and adolescents at the child and adolescent outpatient service of a tertiary care hospital.
Material and Method:A semi structured questionnaire was used to record the socio demographic status. The state of mental health and psychiatric morbidity was assessed after a thorough clinical assessment. Intelligence quotient was assessed by a clinical psychologist as and when needed. All the diagnoses were made on the basis of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV TR) criteria.
Results:A total of 476 patients were included in the study. Majority of the patients belonged to 6-16 years age group (83.61%). Number of boys affected were nearly twice (67.01%) than the girls (32.98%). 75.2% of patients were from Urban background. Mental retardation (36.5%) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (17.9%) were the most frequent diagnoses followed by behavioral disorders (10.7%) and Attention deficit Hyperactivity Disorders (ADHD) (9.7%).
Conclusion:Psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents are ubiquitous and burdensome. Our study indicates the importance of identification and subsequently developing management policies of psychiatric conditions among pediatric population.
Key words: Psychiatric disorders, Children, adolescents, Outpatient care