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Original Article

Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum in female population, Gabon

Mohamed Ag Baraïka, Richard Onanga, Berthold Bivigou-Mboumba, Arsène Mabika-Mabika, Ulrick Jolhy Bisvigou, Fousseyni S. Touré Ndouo, N. Coumba Touré Kane.

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Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum are microorganisms involved in many pathologies and intrauterine infections. Vaginal wall swabs were taken from 278 women for mycoplasma detection and to study the antimicrobial susceptibility using the Mycoplasma IST2 Kit (bioMérieux). We were able to document in 278 women enrolled in the study, 64.7% have infections caused by U. urealyticum, 22.7% by M. hominis, and 19.4 % of coinfections involving both germs. Such infections were observed in age groups between 18 and 42 years. Other socio-demographic characteristics studies have been conducted, which allowed to document that single women were the majority population with 68.7% against 16.5% who were living in couple. In response to our questionnaire, 131 single women enrolled in the study never protected themselves during sexual intercourse compared with 52.9% who reported using at least condom. A total of 260 (93.5%) of women reported having only one partner versus 6.5% having more. The study of strains susceptibility to antibiotics revealed a resistance of approximately 80% for macrolides and 100% for fluoroquinolones. All our isolated strains had a sensitivity of about 90% for Pristinamycin and 70% for Josamycin. This study shows that carriage of mycoplasma infection is high in female population in Franceville and vicinities, what should be an element of cautious use of antibiotic during probabilistic therapy treatment of mycoplasma.

Key words: Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, antimicrobial susceptibility, female population.

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