Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Original Article

J. Islam. Int. Med. Coll.. 2018; 13(3): 146-150

Endoscopic Findings in Patients with Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding at Pakistan Railway General Hospital, Rawalpindi. A Retrospective Review of 100 Cases

Samia Kausar, Shamaila Burney, Zunera Jahanzeb, Muhammad Farooq, Asim Zulfiqar, Omar Awab.

Objective: To determine the frequency of various causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding on the basis of
endoscopic findings.
Study Design: A descriptive observational study.
st Place and Duration of Study: Study was done from 1 , January, 2015 to 31st December, 2017 at Pakistan
Railway General Hospital Rawalpindi.
Material and Methods: The study was carried out in the Department of Medicine at Railway Hospital. The
record of patients admitted with upper GI bleed through indoor/outdoor was retrieved from the Endoscopy
Unit. 100 Patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were selected in the study. The relevant data and endoscopic
findings were documented on Performa. The data was analyzed retrospectively.
Results: Out of 100 patients selected, 58(58%) were males and 42(42%) females. The mean age of 52.20 years
SD 15.88.The most common cause was esophageal varices (47.90%), followed by gastritis/esophagitis 23%,
peptic ulcer 14.58%. The malignant condition contributed 1.58 %. While in 9(9%) of patients, no cause of
bleeding was identified.
Conclusion: Variceal hemorrhage is the most frequent cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in our

Key words: Endoscopy, Peptic Ulcer, UGIB, Upper Gastrointestinal Bleed, Variceal Bleed.

Similar Articles

Determination of Bioenergetic Parameters in Mycobacterium ulcerans.
Thomas SS, Pethe K
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2387(): 219-230

Turbidity-Based MIC Assay and Characterization of Spontaneous Drug Resistant Mutants in Mycobacterium ulcerans.
Thomas SS, Kalia NP, Pethe K
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2387(): 209-217

Drug Efficacy Testing in the Mouse Footpad Model of Buruli Ulcer.
Converse PJ, Almeida DV, Nuermberger EL
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2387(): 195-207

In Vitro Assessment of Drug Activity Against Mycobacterium ulcerans.
Komm OD, Almeida DV, Converse PJ, Nuermberger EL
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2387(): 189-194

Overview: Development of Drugs Against Mycobacterium ulcerans.
Pluschke G, Röltgen K
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2387(): 185-187

Full-text options

Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org

Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org

Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.

ScopeMed Web Sites