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Determinants of Tick Bites in an Endemic Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever Region, Erzurum

Nazım Ercüment Beyhun, Zahide Koşan, Hamit Acemoğlu, Asuman Güraksın, Okşan Çalıkoğlu, Serhat Vançelik, Talat Ezmeci.

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AIM: The aim of this field survey was to identify the frequency and the determinants of tick bites in an endemic Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever region.
METHODS: The cluster sampling method (30 clusters) was used to reach subjects. A face to face filled questionnairre was used to collect data during September 2007. The determinants of tick bites in human was found with univariate risk analysis and binary logistic regression. RESULTS: Mean age of subjects (n=395) was 38.1 ± 13.7 years and 64.1% were male. Having a cattleguard or shed just next to house (O.R.[95%C.I.], 2.9 [1.2 – 7.0]), stepping on grass with naked foot (2.8 [1.1 – 7.1]), not calling local veterinary service when observing ticks on livestock (2.7 [1.1 – 6.9]) and a subjective perception that the increased number of tick in the residence (2.6 [1.1 – 6.4]) were identified to increase the risk of tick bites in subjects.
CONCLUSION: The risk factors identified should be integrated into educational activities and collabrations between local professional veterinary services and rural residents should be encouraged.

Key words: CCHF, tick bites, Erzurum

Article Language: Turkish English

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