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Research Article

JCDR. 2021; 12(4): 2124-2132

Talipes Equinovarus; Overview, Pathological Anatomy and Clinical Features

Mohsen Mohamed Abdou Mar’e`i, Reda El-Kady, Sameh Mohamed Holyl, Lamin Abdel-Salam Mohamed Ismail.


Background: Idiopathic talipes Equinovarus (clubfoot) belongs to a group of
fibroproliferative disorders involving the musculoskeletal system and its origin remains
unknown. This defect occurs approximately once per 1000 births. Although the
pathological modifications present in clubfeet have been extensively described, and many
etiological hypotheses have been proposed, its etiology remains unknown. This complex
three-dimensional malformation is characterized by the presence of four deformities:
equinus, varus, adductus and cavus. The purpose of any treatment, regardless of its nature,
is to achieve a pain-free, functional, plantigrade foot. In the past, surgical treatment was
the preferred method, and has been found to achieve good or satisfactory short-term results.

Key words: Talipes Equinovarus

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