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Case Report



Use of saline contrast ultrasonography in the diagnosis of complete jugular vein occlusion in a horse

Andrea Corda, Nicolo Columbano, Valentina Secchi, Antonio Scanu, Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia, Giovanni Mario Careddu, Eraldo Sanna Passino.

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Thrombophlebitis and thrombosis are the most common causes of jugular vein occlusion in horses. Medical and surgical treatments aim to recanalize the occluded vessel and reduce proximal venous congestion and edema.
CASE DESCRIPTION
The present report describes a clinical case of equine jugular vein thrombosis with complete vein occlusion diagnosed by saline contrast ultrasonography and confirmed by contrast venography.
CONCLUSION
Our results demonstrated that the saline contrast ultrasonography test can be easily performed and objectively interpreted using standard ultrasound equipment, it is not expensive, and it does not require x-ray exposure. Saline contrast ultrasonography test is a valid tool to assess vessel patency and presence of collateral circulation in jugular vein thrombosis. The test could therefore be used to monitor the progression of the disease and the effectiveness of therapy against jugular vein thrombosis in horses.

Key words: Equine, Jugular, Thrombus, Ultrasound, Contrast



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