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Original Research

RMJ. 2023; 48(1): 17-19

Assessment of the risk factors for the development of diabetic foot

Saira Jahan, Faseeha Aman, Aruba Saeed, Aqsa Zareen, Mehmoona Saleem, Syeda Aneesa Batool.


Objective: To determine the risk factors associated with the development of diabetic foot.
Methodology: The case control study was conducted from 15th March to 15th June 2021 at Riphah College of Rehabilitation & Allied Health Sciences in collaboration with District Headquarters Hospital, Rawalpindi. Using purposive sampling, diabetic patients with and without diabetic foot were enrolled. A total of 196patients responded to the questionnaire, which had 26 closed ended questions and comprised of different domains regarding risk factors associated with diabetic foot. Data were analysed using SPSS 20.
Results: Poor health literacy was seen in 167(85.2%) patients (OR: 3.512 and p=0.002). 157(80.1%) patients were physically inactive (OR: 3.431 and p=0.001), poor glycaemic control was detected in 177(90.3%) patients (OR:2.465 p=0.058), 144(73.5%) did not have comfortable foot wear (OR:1.696 and p=0.145), junk food consumptions were seen in 78(39.8%) OR: 1.198 and p=0.563).
Conclusion: Diabetic foot was observed in the patients of diabetes who had poor health literacy, were physically inactive, had poor glycemic control and did not have comfortable footwear.

Key words: Diabetic foot, diabetes, glycaemic control, risk factors.

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