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Original Article

. 2017; 8(3): 89-95

Assessment of Risk of Metabolic Syndrome and Cardio Vascular Diseases among Medical Students in India

Nitin Joseph, Karthika Chettuvatti, Harsh Yadav, Hariharan Bharadwaj, Shashidhar M Kotian.

Background: Medical students are vulnerable to various lifestyle disorders due to improper diet, physical activity and
inadequate sleep. Aims: To assess the risk status of components of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases
among medical students. Methods: Information was collected using a standard self-administered questionnaire. Blood
pressure, waist circumference, height and weight of students were measured using standard procedures. Fasting blood
sample was taken for plasma glucose, lipid profile, cortisol levels and thyroid hormone assays. Results: Eighty-eight
participants with mean age 21.9 ± 1.1 years took part in this study. Thirty-one (35.2%) participants reported fried food
consumption every day. Majority of the participants 35(39.8%) reported moderate exercise less than once a week. Most
participants 83 (94.3%) had sleep duration of ≤8 hours at night. Various components of metabolic syndrome like waist
circumference (WC), triglyceride (TG) levels, high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, blood pressure (BP) values and fasting
blood glucose (FBG) levels were abnormal in 36 (40.9%), 2 (2.3%), 39 (44.3%), 21 (23.9%) and 7 (7.9%) participants
respectively. Obesity was present among 33 (37.5%) students. Positive correlation between body mass index (BMI) with
WC (p

Key words: Cardiovascular Diseases, Medical Students, Metabolic Syndrome, Risk Factors, Body mass index.

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