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Monkeypox, a global health concern: A study on awareness and adherence to preventive measures among medical students in a tertiary care hospital, Kolkata

Avishek Bhadra, Debasis Mukhopadhyay, Koushik Chatterjee, Ria Mukherjee, Arup Chakraborty, Debjani Guchhait.


Background: The re-emerging Monkeypox disease is spreading worldwide, thus if prevention measures are not followed or awareness is not raised, chaos could result.

Aims and Objectives: The present study aimed to assess the awareness and preventive measures of Monkeypox among medical students in a tertiary care hospital of Kolkata.

Materials and Methods: A hospital-based, descriptive, observational, and cross-sectional study was conducted over 6 weeks, among final year MBBS students of Medical College Kolkata. Convenience sampling was done. Minimum sample size calculated was 110. A pre-designed, pre-tested, semi-structured, and self-administered questionnaire which was face and content validated by experts used as the study tool in this study. Questionnaire was answered while keeping their identities confidential. Data were collected and entered in a coded manner in MS Excel. Using SPSS version 25, tabulation, the necessary tables, and diagrams were created. The Institutional Ethics Committee of the Medical College in Kolkata was consulted for ethical approval.

Results: The students lacked sufficient information. Majority of them responded well when asked about the disease’s cause, incubation period, natural host signs and symptoms, mode of transmission, preventive measures, and treatment, but it was clear that they were unsure about identification of a suspected, probable, or confirmed case and definitive diagnosis.

Conclusion: The present study reported that the students had limited knowledge about Monkeypox disease.

Key words: Monkeypox; Medical Studentsl Kolkata; Awareness; Preventive Measures

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