SRP. 2020; 11(10): 732-736
Why Do People Fail to Comply with the Smoking Ban in Public Places? (The Case of Jayapura City, Indonesia)Wahyuti, Darmawan Salman, Bastiana, Andi Agustang, Arwan, Ahmad Yani.
Cigarettes are addictive substances (nicotine); their content can cause users to feel relaxed and become addicted. This substance comes from tobacco leaves and Tar, which consists of more than 4,000 chemicals, of which 60 are carcinogenic. Cyanide, a chemical compound that contains a cyano group. The government has made various attempts to prevent people from smoking. As was done in Jayapura City, the government has issued a regional regulation on Smoke-Free Zone No. 1 of 2015. Still, it was not until November 2018 that a study was conducted on community compliance with provincial laws. It was found that 17% of the 192 locations had a group of community compliance with the Non-Smoking Regional Regulations. This study aims to determine the factors that cause low community compliance in implementing Perda KTR No 1/2015 in Jayapura City. This research is a qualitative study using observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. The number of informants in this study was 14 informants consisting of the community, students, teachers, and the local government of Jayapura City related to the No Smoking Area. The analysis model used is an interactive model data analysis and descriptive data analysis. This study found that the factors causing the low community compliance in implementing the KTR Regional Regulation in Jayapura City were such as lack of socialization, both direct socialization and print media, insufficient funding for the KTR program, and smoking rooms for perpetrators were uncomfortable so that these factors made smokers violate. The KTR program should be sustainable because it is related to changes in people's behavior. This program does not synergize with the private sector or NGOs that can assist in enforcing local regulations. The KTR program is only based on the government's annual budgeting. If there is no funding budgeting, the program is not implemented, there is no reward and punishment (giving clear and real penalties to anyone who violates the rules).
Low, Compliance and No Smoking Area, Jayapura, Indonesia