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Review Article

SRP. 2020; 11(3): 337-340


Associated Factors on the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity on Secondary and High School Students in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Thoai Dang Nguyen, Tram Thi Huyen Nguyen, Quang Vinh Tran, Nghiem Quan Le.

Abstract
Background: Obesity affects multiple organ systems and is associated with a variety of vascular and several nonvascular complications. BMI and WC are the commonly-used anthropometric measurements for obesity in Vietnam. The aims of study to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity, explore associated factors among secondary and high school students in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 12 schools located in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam between June 2018 and May 2019. Students were measured their height and weight and asked for demographical information. BMI-for-age-and-gender was used to categorize students into groups. Logistic regression with odd ratio was used to explore associated factors to obesity risk.
Results: The mean weight of them was 59.0112.76 kilograms, the mean height was 168.7323.79 centimeters and the mean BMI was 22.621.79 kg/m2. Students who lived in remote area and do sport activities were had lower risk to be obese. Students who at the age of 13 to 15 and eat fatty food were had higher risk of overweight and obesity.
Conclusion: Training programs need to be designed to provide sufficient and balanced meals and to instill a desire for physical exercise.

Key words: Body mass index, BMI, Obesity, Student, Vietnam.



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