Spray formation from diesel fuel injection through a realistic heavy-duty multi-hole injector plays a crucial role in the compression ignition engine performance. Fuel Spray characteristics influence the mixture formed in the combustion chamber which affects combustion. The present work is related to high-speed photography of fuel spray characteristics using biodiesel blends at different fuel temperatures. The spray cone angle, a time needed for full development of the spray cone, spray velocity
and spray penetration were the primary study parameters. Multi-hole injectors are of paramount importance concerning the CI engines. The purpose of this work is to reveal the effects of fuel temperatures and blend effect on the spray characteristics using biodiesel and diesel fuel. Special significance was that the highest vapor fuel mass concentration was observed at the center region of the spray axis with biodiesel at a higher temperature. This is believed to be due to an increase in the number of
small droplets that quickly evaporated. The mean axial velocity of droplets decreased with increasing fuel temperature. Spray penetration reduced with increasing order of fuel temperature.
Compression ignition engine; spray characteristics; biodiesel
Epidemiological Characteristics of 64 Covid-19 Patients in Errachidia Province (DarĂ¢a-Tafilalet region), Morocco: A Retrospective Analysis.
Akdad M, Algharrass Y, Talha H, Babakhouya A, Ajebli M, Ech-Cherrate A, Eddouks M
Reviews on recent clinical trials. 2021; ():
A review of plant characteristics, phytochemistry and bioactivities of the genus Glechoma.
Zhou Y, He YJ, Wang ZJ, Hu BY, Xie TZ, Xiao X, Zhou ZS, Sang XY, Luo XD
Journal of ethnopharmacology. 2021; 271(): 113830
Methanolic extract of Fennel () escalates functional restoration following a compression injury to the sciatic nerve in a mouse model.
Maqbool J, Anwar H, Iqbal J, Rasul A, Imran A, Ahmad Malik S, Shabbir A, Ijaz F, Sajid F, Akram R, Sun T, Imran M, Hussain G, Islam S
Food science & nutrition. 2021; 9(2): 701-710
Enhancing near-infrared AIE of photosensitizer with twisted intramolecular charge transfer characteristics via rotor effect for AIE imaging-guided photodynamic ablation of cancer cells.
Wang DH, Chen LJ, Zhao X, Yan XP
Talanta. 2021; 225(): 122046
Assessment of growth characteristics, the survival rate and body composition of Asian sea bass (Bloch, 1790) under different feeding rates in closed aquaculture system.
Ul Hassan H, Mohammad Ali Q, Ahmad N, Masood Z, Yeamin Hossain M, Gabol K, Khan W, Hussain M, Ali A, Attaullah M, Kamal M
Saudi journal of biological sciences. 2021; 28(2): 1324-1330