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Research Article

JCDR. 2020; 11(2): 212-208

Pulp Stones as Risk Predictors for Coronary artery disease (CAD)

Dr.Madhuniranjanswamy Mahalakshmamma Shivanna, Dr.Hima Bindu V., Dr.Meena Kumari C., Dr.Aarti Rajambigai M., Dr.Niaz Ahammed A., Dr.Gautam Singh, Dr.Irfan Hassan, Dr.Syed Sirajul Hassan, Dr.Abhishek Singh Nayyar.


Context and Aim: Coronary artery disease (CAD) has been recorded as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Studies indicate that patients with CAD show higher degree of pulp calcifications. Localized pulp calcifications are microscopically apparent in more than half of the teeth in young adolescents. However, pulp stones extending to the entire dentition are infrequent and need further evaluation to predict the risk of other probabilities of associated diseases. The present study was planned to estimate the prevalence of pulp stones in patients diagnosed with or, undergoing treatment for CAD.
Materials and Methods: The present study consisted of 300 subjects within an age range of 20-55 years who were divided into the study group consisting of 150 patients including 108 males and 42 females and 150 age and sex-matched healthy controls. Pulp stones were imaged using bitewing radiographs using paralleling technique under standard conditions. The radiographs were interpreted separately by two experienced radiologists.
Statistical Analysis Used: The statistical analysis was performed using IBM SPSS statistics 20 Core system software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) while statistical tests used were unpaired t-test and Z test. Chi-square test was used to check the prevalence of pulp stones in patients with CAD in addition to their arch wise and region wise distribution while p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: CAD patients exhibited 100% prevalence of pulp stones while posterior teeth were predominantly affected (p

Key words: Pulp Stones, Risk Predictors, Coronary artery disease

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