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PBS. 2022; 12(1): 14-25

A Cross-Sectional Study Investigating Mental Health Among Turkish Citizens During The COVID-19 Pandemic: The Importance of Perceived Social Support

Ferit Sahin, Filiz Karadag, Melike Kucukkarapinar.


Objective: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the stress burden and related mental problems all over the world. The changes in social life required the examination of psychosocial variables in this period. This study aimed to investigate the levels of depression, anxiety, stress, poor sleep quality, and insomnia in Turkish society during the COVID-19 pandemic and examine the relationship between those and perceived social support.
Methods: A total number of 1032 participants completed the online survey form consisting of sociodemographic data form, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-42 (DASS-42), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). A series of univariate and multivariate analyses were used to examine the association of perceived social support with depression, anxiety, stress, poor sleep quality, and insomnia. All tests of associations were carried out at a level of significance of

Key words: perceived social support, depression, anxiety, stress, sleep

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