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Review Article

SRP. 2020; 11(2): 458-461


Phytochemical and Biological of Anthemis nobilis (Asteraceae family) a Native Herbs of Iraq

Iman Husam Mohammed, Ashwaq Talib Hameed, Hanan Fawzi Salman.


Abstract

This study included the chemical detection of some active raw compounds extracted from the vegetative part of chamomile (Anthemis nobilis) from the Asteraceae family, Which is one of the important medicinal plants that are prevalent in many areas in Iraq and which have been used to treat many diseases, as some of the main chemical ingredients were detected in the vegetative part (multiple phenols, alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, flavonoids, saponins). The owner of the largest amount of this plant was phenols, as it amounted to 33.5%, which was in the form of an brown precipitate, while the smallest amount of glycosides was 0.64% with a red precipitate shape. Also, the chemical contents, vitamins and mineral elements of this plant were revealed. Potassium was the most quantitative ingredient in chamomile which amounted to 302.7 mg. The least amount of this plant was for the manganese component which was 0.16 mg. As for vitamins, vitamin C was the largest amount which amounted to 86.9 mg, followed by vitamin A with 440 micrograms, In addition, the study included using the aqueous extract of chamomile plants with two concentrations (80-100%) to study their effect in reducing the percentage of sugar outside the living body in mice. There were significant differences between concentrations and control and the best concentration was 100%.

Key words: Anthemis nobilis, phenols, glycosides, diabetes mellitus






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