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Original Research

RMJ. 2022; 47(1): 209-212

Impact of early clinical exposure upon communication skills pertaining to undergraduate medical students as assessed on Kalamazoo scale

Lubna Meraj, Naheed Gul, Aashi Mughal, Neelum Zaka, Rana Ali Murtaza, Sajida Naseem.


Objective: To assess the impact of early clinical exposure upon communication skills on Kalamazoo scale.
Methodology: This quasi-experimental, multicenter study was conducted among 160 third year MBBS students of one each private and public medical college from March 2017 to January 2018. Communication skills of students were scored using Kalamazoo Checklist-Adapted (KEECC-A). Data were analyzed on SPSS version 23.
Results: The disparity between both categories was significant (p

Key words: Early clinical exposure (ECE), communication skills, undergraduates.

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