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Research Article

EEO. 2019; 18(1): 495-509

Attitude of School Leadership towards Time Management Skills: Based on Gender, Age, and Administrative Experience

Dr. Iqbal Amin Khan, Abid Khan, Dr. Munir Khan, Rizwan Ullah.


The major purpose of educational management is to manage human, financial and physical
resources to achieve the predetermined goals of school throughmaximum utilization of
available resources. One of the important scarce recourse which needs to be managed is the
time. This paper investigates the attitude of secondary school leadership towards time
management skills and also finds the effect of principal’s gender, age and administrative
experience on their time management skills. Quantitative research approach was used. The
data was collected through a self-constructed questionnaire from 344 principals of seven
divisional headquarter districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province through survey
method. The questionnaire hadseven dimensions including attitude towards time, scheduling,
short and long range planning, managing meetings, delegating authority and responsibility,
establishing priorities, and handling interruptions specifically designed for this study to focus
on achieving predetermined goals.Data were analyzed through frequency, percentage, mean,
standard deviation and independent samples t-test. The time management skills level of
secondary school principals were found above average level. The Results also indicated
significant differences in principals’ time management practices based on gender, age and
length of administrative experience. Male principals’ time management skills were found
better than that of their female counter partners. Older and experienced school principals
were found to be good time manager as compare to younger and less experienced ones. It was
recommended that time management course should be included in pre-service and in-service
trainings for school leadership to manage the school affairs efficiently and strive towards
achievement of school goals

Key words: Attitude, School Leadership, Time Management Practices, Gender, Age, Experience.

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