Objective: An audit of antibiotic use in the hospitalized adult patients in different wards and specialties in Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar.
Methods: Records of all admitted patients, during the month of January 2002, were analyzed, to find out the age and sex-distribution, number of patients given antibiotics, routes of administration, types of antibiotics used, and brands of antibiotics used.
Results: Records of 750 patients were analyzed, with 55% males and 45% females. Mean age was 35.19 years and the mean hospital stay was 5.09 days. Antibiotic(s) were given in 590 patients (78.67%): orally in 50.18%, intravenously in 24.40%, and both in 25.42% patients. The most three commonly prescribed antibiotics were Penicillin (30.96), 1st generation Cephalosporins (12.33%) and quinolones (9.78%).
Conclusions: Different groups of antibiotics and numerous brands are being used in hospital. Hospital based formulary is urgently needed to limit this irrational and diverse use of antibiotics. (Rawal Med J 2005;30:16-18).
Key words: Antibiotics, formulary, audit