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Incidence, Occurrence and Classification of Tibial Diaphyseal Fractures in Dogs

Sumiran Narpala, T. Madhava Rao, C. Latha, D. Pramod Kumar, M. Lakshman.

A survey was undertaken to analyse tibial diaphyseal fractures in dogs reported to Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, College of Veterinary Science, Rajendra Nagar, PVNRTVU, Hyderabad, India over a period of two years from January 2018 to December 2020. A total of 157 long bone fractures were reported with highest incidence of pelvic limb fractures (63.69%). Femoral (30.57%) and tibial (33.12%) fractures showed equal distribution with slightly higher incidence of tibial bone fractures. Mid diaphyseal fractures (77.78%) of tibia were common. Incidence was highest in non-descriptive breed dogs (39%) and dogs of young age (55.56%) with a body weight of 5-10 Kgs (27.78%). Male dogs (66.67%) were commonly affected than female dogs (33.33%). The common etiological factor of fracture was automobile accidents (38.89%). Simple fractures (88.89%) were more common and among simple fractures, oblique fractures (50%) showed higher incidence.

Key words: Dog, Fracture, Incidence, Tibial diaphysis

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