Objective: To compare the outcome, between the application of Alcohol and natural drying to umbilical stump in low risk newborns.
Design, place and duration of study: This quasi-experimental, comparative study was carried out in departments of pediatrics, Military Hospital and Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi over a period of six months.
Subjects and methods: Newborns delivered in Military Hospital and Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi were randomized into group A (70% Alcohol) and group B (No antiseptic). In group A, 70% Alcohol was applied once daily to the umbilical stump, whereas no antiseptic was applied in group B. These newborns were followed till four weeks of life. Age at separation of umbilical cord was noted. Cases showing signs of neonatal sepsis and omphalitis were documented.
Results: Of 100 singleton full-term newborns enrolled, 90 completed the study. No newborn in either group developed a cord infection or neonatal sepsis. The difference of cord separation time between the two groups was statistically significant.
Conclusion: Evidence does not support continued use of alcohol for low risk newborn cord care. (Rawal Med J 2006;31:58-60)
Key words: Newborns, umbilical stump care, 70% alcohol