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Original Research

RMJ. 2006; 31(2): 55-57


Hyperglycemia and in-hospital outcomes after first myocardial infarction

Akbar Nawaz Khan, Fareeha Ambreen, Irfan Zia Qureshi..

Abstract
Objective: To determine in-hospital outcomes post AMI hyperglycemia.
Methods: 109 patients of acute myocardial infarction were included in this study. Physical examination, ECG tracings, random plasma glucose, serum cholesterol, triglycerides and cardiac enzymes (CPK, LDH and AST) were measured. Hyperglycemic patients (plasma glucose ≥ 126mg/dl) were sub-divided into those with a previous history of diabetes and those without any such history.
Results: Post AMI plasma glucose levels were exceptionally higher in female patients aged 61-70 years while they were moderately higher in males of age groups 31-40 and 51-60, and females of age group 41-50 years. In-hospital mortality rate was greater in hyperglycemic patients. Most importantly also, significantly greater complications of the heart were encountered in hyperglycemics.
Conclusion: Post AMI patients are at a greater risk of developing diabetes and concurrent AMI attack. (Rawal Med J 2006;31:55-57)

Key words: AMI, Hyperglycemia, ECG, Cardiac enzyme



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