Forest melioration measures in mountainous areas of Uzbekistan are of crucial erosion-preventive importance in medium-high mountains, where exist the conditions for afforestation. Eighty percent or more of the catchment area of mud flow basins are occupied by the slopes that feed the beds with flood of liquid and solid matter. In this regard, the afforestation of slopes takes a huge volume of forest melioration work. The paper deals with the problems of cultivation of productive and sustainable plantation that effectively performs the protective functions. This is primarily related to the selection and mixing of trees and shrubs. Species must conform to the type of growing conditions, which is optimal for their growth.
Forest melioration, erosion-prevention, silviculture, protective plantations, hills, ravine afforestation, mixed plantings.