Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Research Article

EEO. 2019; 18(1): 476-494


FEMALE CHILD LABOUR: A THREAT TO MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN PAKISTAN

Dr. Sayyed Farooq Shah, ABID KHAN, Muhammad Junaid Khan.

Abstract
Child labour is of course one the biggest concern and sundry of the entire civilized world. It not only effects children physically, but also has diverse effects on children’s moral development, mental maturity and social development &adjustment. Child labour not only a hindrance to nation’s development, but negates the provisions of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as well. Though male child labourer have been focused to some extent on various platforms and podiums, but female child labourer not even been highlighted or discussed on any human right watch platforms. In Pakistan,many girl children are involved in child labour, subjected to inhuman treatment as some suffer physical abuse, economic exploitation and denial of opportunity to education. The main aim of this in hand article is to investigate into female child labour as a major hindrance in achieving the MDGs in Bannu, Pakistan. The sole objective of the study was: to find out the fact that female child labour is a threat to millennium developmentGoals in Pakistan. Research Question of this study was: to what extent MDG goals hindered by the existence of female child labourers in Pakistan? Population comprised the studentswho were in Form Three at the three secondaryschools, as well as teachers who wereteaching the pupils studying in nine differentsubjects. From a population of about 380, eighteen Form three learners and six teachers werepurposively selected while the sample consisted of18 female students, 6 from each school. To extend the findings, a double-pronged approachwas used, through interviews and observations. The researchers interviewed eighteen female form three pupils face–to–face to obtaintheir views towards female child labour. Six female learners per school were purposively selected. Theassistance of 6 teachers (2 teachers per school)was selected by means of purposive sampling.The researcher used qualitative methods for which data was collected using observations and interviews. The findings showed that lack of resources for schooling for girls, busted families and poverty in households were renowned to be a fuel for the problem of female child labour. Furthermore this article reached the conclusion that the MDGs and child labour are inter-linked causing a numerous of confronts to female child labourers in Bannu. Furthermore female child labourers preyed to drug abuse, under-nourishment followed by health issues, midway drop out of school & early on weddings as the chief factors that hamper on the accomplishment of the MDGs. At the end, the researchers recommends that there is a dare need for the world leading and advanced nations to bring into line the International Labour Organization, connect prevailing labour laws with child rights acts especially for female children and make sure to ban all sort of female child labour below 14 years from all over the world especially in the developing and under developed nations of the world including Pakistan on top priority.

Key words: Child Labour, Pakistan, Labour legislations and Laws, Poverty



Similar Articles

Passive social media use and psychological well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of social comparison and emotion regulation.
Yue Z, Zhang R, Xiao J
Computers in human behavior. 2022; 127(): 107050

Biovalue in Human Brain Banking: Applications and Challenges for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases.
Vedam-Mai V
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.). 2022; 2389(): 209-220

Using the Health Belief Model to examine travelers' willingness to vaccinate and support for vaccination requirements prior to travel.
Suess C, Maddock J, Dogru T, Mody M, Lee S
Tourism management. 2022; 88(): 104405

Occupant health in buildings: Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the opinions of building professionals and implications on research.
Awada M, Becerik-Gerber B, White E, Hoque S, O'Neill Z, Pedrielli G, Wen J, Wu T
Building and environment. 2022; 207(): 108440

Exploring the Alzheimer's disease neuroepigenome: recent advances and future trends.
Zhang H, Elefant F
Neural regeneration research. 2022; 17(2): 325-327


Full-text options


Latest Statistics about COVID-19
• pubstat.org


Add your Article(s) to Indexes
• citeindex.org






Covid-19 Trends and Statistics
ScopeMed.com
CiteIndex.org
CancerLine
FoodsLine
PhytoMedline
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.



ScopeMed Web Sites