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Livelihood Security through Goat Farming in Tribal Areas of Rajasthan

Prakash Chandra Regar, Madan Lal Kamboj, Kuppusamy Ponnusamy, Kuladip Prakash Shinde, Shailesh Kumar Gupta.


Abstract

The aim of present study was to assess the livelihood security of tribal farmers of in Rajasthan. We observed food, economic, health, education, social and overall livelihood security through goat farming. A total of 120 tribal goat farmers were selected from 12 villages from 6 blocks in 3 tribal dominated districts viz., Banswara, Dungarpur and Udaipur. Ten farmers from each village were selected purposively based on the number of goats. The selected goat farmers were grouped into three categories based on flock size as small (50 goats, N=24). The overall extent of food security was 44.17% falling in low level of food security, 34.17% in medium level and 21.67 % in high level of food security. The overall economic security was 45.83 % in low level of economic security. The high level of health security only 20, 22.22 and 16.67 per cent respondents from each category were having high level of health security. The overall extent of health security in the study area was 49.17% falling in high level of food security, 30.83% in medium level and 20.00% in high level of health security. The overall extent of social security was 45.00% in low level of social security, 33.33% medium and 21.67% were having high level of social security. The overall extent of educational security was 15.00% falling in low level of educational security, 20.83% in medium level and 64.17% in high level of educational security. The overall extent of livelihood security in the study area was 48.33% falling in low level of livelihood security, 33.33% in medium level and 18.34% in high level of livelihood security.

Key words: Livelihood, Security, Farmers, Tribal Farmer, Goat Farming






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