Background: India bears highest burden of childhood morbidity and mortality due to childhood pneumonia. The study was con-ducted with aim to assess caregivers knowledge about signs/symptoms of childhood pneumonia and their perception about its risk factors and preventive measures.
Methodology: This community based cross sectional study was carried out among 568 caregivers of 1065 under-five children. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information about bio-social profile, caregivers knowledge about signs & symptoms, danger signs, risk factors and preventive measures of pneumonia.
Results: Majority of the respondents (88.7%) identified cough/cold as sign and symptom of pneumonia, followed by chest in-drawing (85.7%) and fast/difficult breathing (77.8%). Only few caregivers (9.3%) perceived fast/difficult breathing as danger sign and only 12% and 16.1% respectively had adequate knowledge about risk factors and preventive measures of childhood pneumonia. The study found statistically significant association between parents education status and knowledge about risk factors, preventive measures and ability to recognize early danger signs of childhood pneumonia.
Conclusions: The study identified significant lack of knowledge about childhood pneumonia among caregivers. Strengthening of IMNCI and community-based health education programs need to be promoted to ensure better health practices and appropriate care seeking for childhood pneumonia.
Key words: Caregiver, Childhood pneumonia, Knowledge, Risk factors, Preventive measures, Rural, Urban slum