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Original Research

IJHRS. 2019; 8(4): 143-155

Evaluation of inter-current illness intervening lifestyle in stratified age groups: focus on diabetes and its cardiovascular complication

Ezekiel U. Nwos, Christian Ojugbeli, Phillip T. Bwititi, Eunice O. Igumbor.

Background: We propound a lifestyle scores’ hypothesis on how changes in lifestyle scores correlate with state of health including vulnerability of adults to diabetes and CVD indices.
Objective: This study evaluates illnesses observed in a rural community and compares stratified age groups in the prevalence of diabetes-related chronic diseases and inter-current illness.
Methods and Materials: 203 participants were classified into five stratified age-groups. Information on demography, diabetes, hypertension and other illnesses were reviewed. Prevalence of inter-current illness in stratified age-groups was cross-examined with percentage distribution of disease-subpopulations into the groups. Percentage of each age-group whose lifestyles were affected by ill-health was cross-checked with physical activities level. Comparison of lifestyle between groups were performed.
Results: Age-groups differed in percentage of respondents whose daily routines are interfered by ill-health (p < 0.0001). Good health decreased with age (p < 0.0001), but inter-current illness was not different across age-groups. Activities of daily living and walking were similarly interfered by ill-health.
Conclusion: Inter-current illness was shown to be equally prevalent across age-groups, though older adults had significantly greater interference on their lifestyle.
Keywords: activities of daily living, aging, diabetes, inter-current illness, lifestyle scores

Key words: activities of daily living, aging, diabetes, inter-current illness, lifestyle scores

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