This paper aimed at exploring the way Toni Morrison has projected his women characters in Jazz, who are subjected to social and gender discriminations on the basis of their skin color, thereby exposing the white America who was repressing the black Americans in order to maintain its cultural hegemony or dominance. The analysis is carried out by using the vision of black feminism. Black feminism is a school of thought which argues that sexism, class oppression, gender identity and racism are inextricably bound together. The main objective of the study was to examine the role of Afro-American women who were abused, psychologically tortured and physically victimized as they were not only individually suppressed but also institutionally marginalized and psychologically abused on the basis of being Black. The technique of close reading examined dialogues, situation, actions and reaction of women characters in Jazz. The main issue of the present study was to investigate the female characters of Jazz and their reactions to particular situations. The study also investigated the situations as to how black women unconsciously resist against the patterns set for them. It was found that the women are living in restricted society where their individuality is suppressed on the basis of their gender. Moreover, the women show hypocrisy towards each other while neglecting their moral attributes. This study extends the boundaries of existing research and gives new insights for feminist researchers working in the field of black feminism.
Black Feminism, psychological torture, moral ethics
Passive social media use and psychological well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of social comparison and emotion regulation.
Yue Z, Zhang R, Xiao J
Computers in human behavior. 2022; 127(): 107050
A not so perfect plan: An examination of the differential influence of multidimensional perfectionism on missed and gained events during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Levine SL, Andrade G, Koestner R
Personality and individual differences. 2022; 184(): 111214
COVID-19 psychological impact: The role of perfectionism.
Pereira AT, CabaÃ§os C, AraÃºjo A, Amaral AP, Carvalho F, Macedo A
Personality and individual differences. 2022; 184(): 111160
Integrated molecular and affiliation network analysis: Core-periphery social clustering is associated with HIV transmission patterns.
Fujimoto K, Paraskevis D, Kuo JC, Hallmark CJ, Zhao J, Hochi A, Kuhns LM, Hwang LY, Hatzakis A, Schneider JA
Social networks. 2022; 68(): 107-117
The effects of listening to healing beat music on adults' recovery from exposure to stressful stimuli: A randomized controlled trial.
Bae IL, Kim YS, Hur MH
Integrative medicine research. 2022; 11(1): 100753