Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts RSS - TOC

Research Article

EEO. 2020; 19(4): 4070-4083


Neha Riaz Khan, Rao Bakhat Yawar, Muhammad Imad-ud-din Akbar.


This paper attempts to measure the economic value of unpaid work of women in the context of Pakistan and estimate their percentage share in household income. Primary data has been collected from a sample of 200 respondents through time use survey. The study used specialist cost approach for measuring the economic value and percentage proportion of household income that comes from the work of unpaid female family helpers (UPFFHs). Results shows that UPFFHs have different share in household income according to the category of system of national account (SNA) activities. Females involved in category ‘services’ has the highest share (22.77 percent) in household income. Percentage shares of females involved in categories ‘employment’ (12.49 percent) and ‘primary production activities’ (13.05 percent) are also worth mentioning. The study concludes that the income contribution of UPFFHs’ is not negligible to be all ignored. Therefore, policy makers must recognize the importance of UPFFHs in household economy. The term used for UPFFHs is discriminatory, the prefix ‘unpaid’ should be replaced with some decent alternative.

Key words: Unpaid family helpers; unpaid work; economic value; time use survey; specific cost approach

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com
• ojshosting.net

Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.