Background: The neonatal age, from birth to the initial 28 days of life, is the most dangerous period of a lifecycle because of the various viruses and infections that the neonate faces. The risk of dying is highest in this period of life. Worldwide, in 2017 alone, probable 6.3 million children and young adolescents died.
Methodology: This is a retrospective descriptive study, was carried out at Abha Maternity and Pediatrics Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia during the period between the 1st of January 2015 and 1st of January 2018. Medical records of preterm infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit with a diagnosis of prematurity were collected and analyzed.
Results: A total of 347 neonates was included in the study, of which 16% of the neonates died by cardiovascular system (CVS) and 13% by Central nervous system (CNS). Average birth weight was 1.75 kg with ±0.89 SD, average Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration (APGAR) score at 1 minute was 4.51 ± 2.67 SD, average APGAR score at 5 minutes was 6.39 ± 3.23 SD, the average length of stay was 12.74 ± 18.11 SD.
Conclusion: The government and private sector should work together and reform and implement the policies to reduce the neonate's deaths and awareness campaign required for safety measures and healthcare tips regarding the neonates.
Key words: Pre-maturity, neonates, deaths, live