Emu scientifically known as Dromaius novaehollandiae is the second largest living flightless bird of world belonging to order Ratite. Emu, the flightless bird native to Australia and found in many countries, is receiving much attention for its nutritional benefits as well as its medicinal value . Emus are nurtured in many parts of the world for their meat, oil, skin and feathers, which are of high economic value.The anatomical and physiological features of these birds appear to be suitable for temperate and tropical climatic conditions .
Emu oil is semi solid white mass, which is generally located all along back of bird, but when it is processed and refined it is a clear liquid . It has high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids and antioxidants in it. It also has a hypocholesterolaemia effect, transdermal penetration enhancing activity, cosmetic and insect repellent activity, and so on . Emu oil will have a high permeability when applied to human skin due to its fatty acid content. It is also being used to treat various conditions including arthritis, skin treatments, burn injuries, hair loss, etc. It act as wound healing agent, reduces recent keloid scarring and excellent emulsifier .
Key words: Emu scientifically known as Dromaius novaehollandiae is the second largest living flightless bird of world