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Characteristic of metabolic status in blind people in Denpasar, Bali

Ida Bagus Verry Kusumaningrat, I Made Pande Dwipayana.

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Background: People with a disability required special attention, especially in the feasibility of daily life. The health status of blind people with disability is not widely reported. Hence, we conduct this study, to determine the metabolic status of blind people with disabilities.
Method: This is an observational descriptive study with a cross-sectional design. We conducted the study in foster care of blind people with disabilities. A total of 63 people signed informed consent to join this study. We measured the Body Mass Index (BMI) and collected the blood samples to check the random glucose and total cholesterol.
Result: The data obtained were analysed, and the result showed that the blood pressure in the subject was normal (57,1%), prehypertension (22,2%), hypertension stage I (15%), and stage 2 (4,7%). Normal BMI (44,4%), overweight (36,5%), Obesity Stage I (11,1%) and Obesity Stage II (7,5%). Normal glucose (96,8%) and hyperglycaemia (3,1%). Normal cholesterol level (73,1%) and hypercholesterolemia (26,9%)
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that persons with disabilities have a tendency to experience hypertension, obesity and dyslipidaemia but a very low probability of suffering from diabetes mellitus.

Key words: Disabilities, Blind, Metabolic status

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