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Original Research

Report-based antibiotic sensitivity pattern of community-acquired urinary tract infection in rural Bengal

Suman Chattopadhyay, Ananya Mandal, Rahul Das, Arijit Ghosh, Supreeti Biswas Mondal.


Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI), a common bacterial infection managed in general practice, is the second most common cause for antibiotic use in primary care setting. Antibiotic prescription is mostly empirical in UTI and it is imperative to choose one highly sensitive drug against the common pathogens.

Aims and Objectives: In this study, it has been tried to find out the magnitude of community-acquired UTI in a rural population of West Bengal, its causative agents, and the sensitivity pattern of urinary isolates to reduce the development of antibiotic resistance.

Materials and Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional study over 1 year in a rural tertiary care hospital in West Bengal. Culture and sensitivity reports generated from diagnosed UTI patients from the different OPDs of the hospital were analyzed.

Results: Out of 603 reports analyzed, culture-positive reports were 463. Escherichia coli was identified to be the most predominant (61.7%) followed by Staphylococcus aureus (17.3%). The sensitivity report of the empirically given antibiotics shows that among the oral antibiotics, nitrofurantoin was the most sensitive one (92%) followed by ciprofloxacin (83.1%) and ofloxacin (66%). Among the injectables, amikacin (84.5%) and ceftazidime (81.8%) were the antibiotics having the highest sensitivity.

Conclusion: The sensitivity among the uropathogens to the commonly used antibiotics shows higher resistance rate toward norfloxacin, cephalexin, cotrimoxazole, ampicillin, amoxicillin, co-amoxiclav, and cefuroxime. Oral antibiotics such as nitrofurantoin and ciprofloxacin and parenteral antibiotic amikacin have found to be of higher sensitivity among all organisms identified clubbed together.

Key words: Urinary Tract Infection; Antibiotics; Nitrofurantoin; Sensitivity Pattern; Resistance

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