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EEO. 2021; 20(5): 6453-6461

Examination of the Factors that Deteriorate the Quality of Education in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa at the Primary Level: A Qualitative Study Approach

ShaguftaNaz, Allah Noor Khan, MatiUllah, Muhammad Kamran.


This study aims to point out the factors that deteriorate quality of education in public and private primary schools in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. A qualitative research design was adopted and a selfdeveloped, validated, and reliable semi-structured interview was administered. Interviews were conducted with 12 (6 public and 6 private) head-teachers of primary schools. The data were analyzed by thematic analysis. This study indicates that primary schools' head-teachers are facing three main deteriorating factors that badly affect the quality of education at the primary level: the sudden change in curriculum, teachers' low qualification, and over-crowded classrooms.

Key words: Deteriorating Factors, Quality of Education, Primary Education

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