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Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 423-428


Assessment of awareness level toward Down syndrome in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Faisal Shalabi, Ohood Abdulraouf Shrouro, Rahaf Hameed Sibaa, Shrouk Bander Alalida, Nawal Zayed Alammar, Faisal Abdullah Almoumen, Bakur Kamil Tamim, Yaseen Saddiq Natto, Rawan Eid Alamri, AlKhalifah Mohammed Abdulaziz.


Abstract

Background: Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects physical and mental development. It is the most prevalent chromosomal disorder. The worldwide incidence of this syndrome is 1 in every 1,000 births and increases exponentially with the maternal age. This study aims to assess the awareness level toward Down syndrome among females attending primary healthcare centers.
Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 402 females in primary healthcare centers. Data were collected by using a cluster sampling method and self-administrated pre-tested questionnaire from 2018 to 2019.
Results: Among the total of 402 females who answered the questionnaires, 61.4% of females found that the awareness of Down syndrome was moderate. However, about the third (38.1%) of the females had low awareness. Whilst, only 0.5% of them had high awareness score about Down syndrome. Among the participants, 20% had attended college, 5% with a postgraduate degree, 70% completed high school and 5% had primary school education.
Conclusion: This study indicated that awareness of Down syndrome among females was moderate. Furthermore, there is a significant association between education and awareness, and there is no significant association between age and awareness.

Key words: Down syndrome, awareness, Saudi Arabia






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