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A prospective study to assess the predictive factors of radiation-induced oral mucositis in head-and-neck carcinoma and its impact on treatment outcome: Long-term results and lessons learned

Avik Maji, Bidyut Mandal, Abhishek Basu.


Abstract

Background: Radiation-induced oral mucositis (RIOM) is one of the major dose-limiting toxicities in head-and-neck cancer patients. It is due to normal tissue damage by radiation. It is a potential hazard to treatment delivery as it threatens to alter the therapeutic ratio. The radiation oncologist must find a way to balance between tumor control and sparing
of normal mucosa to validate the age-old principle of cancer treatment. The onus lies on them to find the contributory factors to curb them accordingly.

Objective: The objective of the study was as follows: (1) To find out the factors associated with RIOM in head-neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) and (2) to assess the impact of the RIOM on treatment outcome.

Materials and Methods: This was a single-institutional, prospective, non-randomized, and open-label study. All cases were treated after informed consent and tumor board approval. This was an observational study with standard treatment according to the stage of the disease.

Results: Tumor site, poor oral hygiene, modality of radiation, addiction, and fractionation appeared to be the significant predictive factors of RIOM in HNSCC.

Conclusion: This study helps to identify the contributory factors and gives a comprehensive understanding of the same. More multi-institutional subsite-specific studies are warranted to validate the same.

Key words: Head-Neck Carcinoma; Radiotherapy; Mucositis; Radiation-Induced Oral Mucositis






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