Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Original Article

SJEMed. 2020; 1(1): 15-19

Assessment of helicopter versus ground emergency medical services in reducing mortality rate and the length of stay in adult trauma patients between 2002 and 2014 recorded in King Abdulaziz Medical City trauma registry

Shahad Aldelaijan, Mona Alsanae, Maysan almegbel, Nouf Alsadoun, Shahad Altoyan, Wasmiyah Alshammari, Areej Madani, Zainab Alhussaini, Alaa Althubaiti, Nawfal Aljerian.


Background: Trauma is the third leading cause of death worldwide and the most common cause of death among people aged 1-44 years. In Saudi Arabia, traumatic injuries cause one death and four injuries every hour, but survival rates have improved owing to improvements in pre-hospital care processes.
Methodology: This retrospective study conducted in King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Emergency Medicine Department, included data taken from KAMC trauma registry, QuadraMed®, and patients' files. Injury Severity Score (ISS) was used to assess the severity of trauma. We included individuals of both sexes with ISS of ≥9 and aged ≥15 years with different types and mechanisms of injury.
Results: Overall, 335 patients (123 transported by helicopter and 212 transported by ground ambulance) were included. The mean ISS for helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) and ground emergency medical services (GEMS) patients was 20.80 and 19.74, respectively. All HEMS patients had blunt trauma. For GEMS patients, 94.8% had blunt trauma and 5.2% penetrating trauma. Around 81.1% of GEMS patients went home and 18.9% died in hospital. For HEMS patients, 79.7% went home, 14.6% died, and 5.7% were transferred to other hospitals. The mean of length stay among HEMS patients was 46.18 days, whereas it was 44.59 days among GEMS patients.
Conclusion: This study suggests that HEMS is associated with a higher survival rate for severe trauma patients than GEMS. However, HEMS patients had a longer length of stay in hospital than GEMS patients.

Key words: Emergency medical services, pre-hospital, trauma, helicopter, ambulance

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.