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Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(2): 234-238


Community perception regarding blood donation in Riyadh 2017-2018

Mona A. Alfadeel, Bander Alkhudairi, Suzan Al-Aqeel, Dana Al-Sayyari, Ola Al-Rayes, Arwa Al-Rashidi, Tahani Al- Khudairi, RazanAl-Sultan, Ilaf Shaikh Islim.




Abstract

Background: Blood transfusion is a life-saving scheme in both routine and emergency situations. Blood donation is a highly significant subject worldwide that calls for the government commitment and research in this field. Thus, this study was conducted to explore the knowledge, attitude, and practice toward blood donation among donors and non-donors.
Methods: This community-based observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh city in Saudi Arabia using a self-administered questionnaire, which was distributed randomly to 524 participants including both males and females.
Result: The study included 352 donors and 172 non-donors. About 89% of the donors were male and 24% were female (p = 0.0000). The proportion of donors in the age group of 35-44 years were about 90%, and were employed people (89%, p = 0.0000). Regarding the level of good awareness, it was 49% among donors of which 97% of the donors showed a positive attitude (p = 0.000).
Conclusion: Most of the donors come from the age group of 35-44 years, male gender, and the employed sector of the population. Better awareness of attitude toward blood donation is among donors as compared to non-donors. University students had a low proportion of donors. Females remain the lowest pool of donors.

Key words: Blood donation, community, blood donors, perception, attitude






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