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Original Research

AAM. 2020; 9(1): 12-21

Phytochemical evaluation of ethnomedicinal plants used against snake bite by the tribal People of Koraput, Odisha, India.

Debabrata Panda, Saswat S. Kumar, Bandana Padhan, Jayanta K Nayak.


The focus of the present study is to provide a chemical profiling of the medicinal plants with anti-snake venom activity that is used by the tribal population of Koraput district of Odisha, India. Information on ethnomedicinal plants were collected from eight indigenous communitiesÂ’ viz. Paraja, Bhumia, Gadaba, Bhatra, Kondha, Gouda, Mali and Paika in 18 villages under six community development blocks of Koraput district. The study documented 15 plants species as being used for treatment of snake bite in the locality. A high degree of informant consensus for each species was observed and most of the plants were reported for the first time for being used against snake bite. The most commonly used species was Rauvolfia serpentina with six use-reports giving the highest use value of 0.333 followed by Achiranthes aspera and Mimosa pudica. Phytochemical screening of plants of this study revealed that some medicinal plants are promising sources of several chemical constituents like alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phenols and antioxidants with free radical scavenging activity in varying proportions and possess snake venom neutralizing potential. It is also suggested that further work should be carried out to elucidate the possible mechanism of action of these extracts against snake venom.

Key words: Antioxidant capacity, Ethno-medicine, Phytochemical screening, Snake bite

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