Harms caused by parasites such as mosquitoes are one of the severe health problems of people, particularly in those areas where unhygienic environmental conditions exist. The diseases caused by these insects lead to many severe diseases and even deaths affecting public health along with social economy and welfare. Consequently, the development of the successful implementation of identification and controlling strategies of these parasite species is one of the challenges of health departments of many nations in the globe. However, effective eradication of disease-causing mosquito specimens, especially immature or damaged individuals, is possible by molecular identification. As a result, cytochrome oxydase c subunit I (COI) gene-based method can play a role in identifying and assigning taxa to mosquito species and has worldwide importance. In sequence, in this review, we assessed the occurrence, spread of diseases, and COI gene-based identification status of mosquito species (Anopheles annularis, Armigeres subalbatus, Mansonia annulifera, Mansonia uniformis, Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Culex quinquefasciatus, Anopheles culicifacies, Anopheles subpictus, Culex gelidus, Ochlerotatus sp., and Anopheles fluviatilis T) as well as their control measures along with role of DNA barcoding on global scale.
Key words: Mosquitoes, health, diseases, COI, DNA barcoding, taxonomy.