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Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 370-373

Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Abdulmohsin Ahmed Ali Alghamdi, Seham Matar Alotaibi, Ziad Eidhah Sharaf Alzahrani, Fahad Nasser Ali Alnahari, Masoud Basheer O. Alshammari, Arwa Abduallah Zabran.


Background: Hypertension is common in Saudi Arabia, and its prevalence is rising, yet it remains inadequately controlled. Few studies could characterize the epidemiology and management of hypertension across many heterogeneous subgroups. Therefore, the present study aimed to estimate the proportion of adults with hypertension who have been screened and to determine the status of hypertension awareness of the general adult population in Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 1,000 adults who were 18-year old and above, during a period of 3 months (May to August 2019) to explore the awareness regarding risk factors, management, preventions of hypertension complications among the Saudi population. Data were collected by a previously standardized structured questionnaire with closed-end questions.
Results: Out of the total participants, more than half were males (57.4%) and most of them (81%) resided in the urban areas. The results indicate a higher level of hypertension awareness among males and rural participants.
Conclusion: A higher prevalence of hypertension among males was reported, who were young adults less than 35-year old, having normal body mass index, and were urban residents. The awareness level was higher among males and rural participants than females and urban ones.

Key words: Hypertension, prevalence, awareness, screening, Saudi Arabia

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