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Risk Factors, Clinical Stage, and CD4 Counts on HIV-Infected Patients in Pregnancy at Local Government Hospital


Perinatal period was the third-highest of HIV/AIDS transmission in Indonesia.The information related to the prevalence of cases and risk factors of HIV in pregnancy in each area was still restricted. This research aimed to determine the risk factors, clinical stage, and CD4 counts in pregnant women with HIV at local government hospital. This research was carried out from medical records in Ibnu Sina Hospital from January 2013 to June 2020 and it used total sampling. We analyzed the association of risk factors (age, entry points, sexual risk group, weight, tuberculosis screening) with clinical stage and CD4 counts in pregnant women. Tuberculosis screening, antiretroviral therapy, and CD4 counts have an association with a clinical-stage in pregnant women with HIV with an odds ratio (OR) was 14.6, 12.0, and 0.1, respectively. Besides, only tuberculosis screening has an association with CD4 counts (p

Key words: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS); CD4; clinical stage; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); pregnant women

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