Objective: To asses the indications and complications of temporary loop ileostomy.
Methods: This was a prospective cohort study conducted at Isra University Hospital,
Hyderabad, Pakistan between February 2003 and August 2006. All patients who had
temporary loop ileostomy during that period were included in this study. The indications
and various postoperative complications were noted during postoperative hospital stay
and subsequently during follow up till stoma were closed.
Results: Fifty six patients fulfilled the selection criteria during the study period. Typhoid
(enteric) perforation was the most common indication of loop ileostomy accounting for
about two thirds of all cases. Other indications were iatrogenic, covering ileostomy for
rectal cancers, following resection anastomosis, tuberculosis, blunt abdominal trauma,
anastomosis leak and rectovaginal fistula. Post operative skin excoriation was the most
common complication while poor siting, transient edema, retraction and high output were
other less common complications.
Conclusion: Temporary loop ileostomy is the stoma of choice for temporary faecal
diversion as most of its complications are manageable conservatively. (Rawal Med J
Loop ileostomy, anastamosis, fistula, typhoid.