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Original Research

SAJEM. 2021; 4(1): 18-21


Application of machine learning in predicting Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) in school going children of Pakistan

Salman Mansoor, Shoab Saadat, Sarah Noaman, Hamza Hassan Khan, Salman Assad..


Abstract

Aims:
The purpose of this study was to use machine learning algorithms to predict the probability of a child to have a certain attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) score under a given set of conditions.

Methods:
This was a cross-sectional survey which employed non-probability convenient sampling technique conducted at two schools in Islamabad, Pakistan. Using the latest version of Konstanz Information Miner (KNIME) Analytics, several machine learning algorithms were tested.

Results:
The area under the curve (AUC) for classification tree was 60.8% with a precision of 75.6% for the prediction of an ADHD score of 20 or more and the probability of 21.3% for a child to have an ADHD score of 20 or more. Important variables associated with a higher ADHD score included father’s profession, school of the child, and the class of child.

Conclusion:
This study shows that machine learning approach may be useful in developing a robust predictive model. Use of predictive model may allow use of limited resources towards assessment of children with higher probability of ADHD.

Key words: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Pakistan, Behavior rating scales, Machine learning approach






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